Below is a list of different tests used by the medical field for testing the health of a man’s prostate glans:
o The Digital Rectum Exam (DRE)
This is the benchmark for diagnosing male prostate enlargement (BPH). It is a physical examination of the prostate performed by a physician. The man will either bend over a table or lie on his side with his knees close to his chest. The physician then inserts a gloved finger into the man’s rectum and feels the prostate gland which lies just next to it (the rectum). The physician can then determine the size and condition of the prostate gland and can evaluate the whether the prostate is healthy or whether it may require further testing.
Should an infection be a possibility, the physician might gently massage the prostate gland to extract prostate fluid which is then examined under a microscope.
The DRE is often performed as a part of a standard routine medical check-up for men over 50.
o PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen)
This is a blood test to detect prostate problems. The PSA measures a protein that is only produced by the prostate gland. This test is performed to detect or rule out the possibility of prostate cancer. Men who suffer from prostate cancer will have a higher level of PSA in their blood. However, not all men who have an elevated level of PSA suffers from prostate cancer.
Much remains to be researched on the interpretation of the PSA level in a man: how to discriminate between prostate cancer and other possibilities such as prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) as well as the best course of medical treatment should the PSA level be elevated
o A Standard Urine Test
This test screens for infection/blood. At the same time, this also checks for kidney disease.
o The Bladder Ultrasound
This is a simple non-invasive procedure that the physician can conduct in his clinic. The test determines whether any urine is left in the bladder after urination. A large amount of remaining urine would indicate an enlarged male prostate gland prohibiting complete emptying of the bladder.
o A Prostate Ultrasound
This procedure estimates the size of the prostate with the use of state-of-the-art software.
o A Uroflow
This is a simple test that measures the strength of a man’s urine stream when he urinates into a container. A strong non-hesitant urine stream would indicate a healthy prostate gland while a weak and hesitant urine stream would point to an enlarged prostate.
Medical Treatment Options for Male Prostate Gland Enlargement (with Erectile Dysfunction/Impotence)
If you have been diagnosed with male prostate gland enlargement (BPH), and you also experience erectile dysfunction, there are some medical treatment options available:
o Two FDA approved drugs, Inasteride (Proscar) and Terazosin (Hytrin), prevent male prostate proliferation (new prostate cell growth responsible for prostate gland enlargement)
o There are numerous drugs (EDDs) available today that promote erections by increasing blood flow to the penis. It is advisable to consult your physician for the best drug to use.
o Prostaglandin E1 can help with producing an erection. This product is injected into the base of the penis prior to sex.
o Vacuum devices placed around the entire penis prior to sex can help create an erection.
o A prostheses or penile implant can help a man in achieving an erection.
Should your physician advise you to undergo surgery to remove your prostate gland, be aware that you will most likely experience erectile dysfunction immediately following the surgery.
All said and done, there is nothing like prevention and natural remedies if this route can be taken, and invasive surgery and medical drugs avoided. However, it must also be said that in some cases, surgery is very necessary and drugs can help, although there are always side effects to invasive surgery and the use of drug therapy.
In all cases, you should consult your physician for competent advice on surgery and medical drug therapy.
However, if you can exercise prevention and use natural means and methods, this would seem the best way forward with these male prostate challenges.